Séminaires de Jeniffer ALVAREZ BACA et Julien PETILLON



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Le vendredi 18 janvier 2019 à 13h00, salle de conférences de l'OSUR, bâtiment 14b, Campus de Beaulieu, UR1

Le vendredi 18 janvier 2019 à 13h00, salle de conférences de l'OSUR, bâtiment 14b, Campus de Beaulieu, UR1

Host suitability for Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): Can host origin influence parasitoid’s choice and progeny fitness?

Abstract: Plant diversity in agroecosystems is known to increase the stability of communities and the ecosystem service of biocontrol, through providing refuges and different food resources for alternative hosts and for pest natural enemies. Alternative hosts could allow parasitoids to overwinter, favoring an early colonization of target crops, then increasing the attack of pest hosts. However, it is necessary to check whether this transition between two host species by parasitoids affect the host-searching behavior of the female parasitoid and the fitness of the first generation in the target host species. The aphid species Myzus persicae on peach orchards and Rhopalosiphum padi in cereals share natural enemies, such as the parasitoid Aphidius colemani. During winter months in Chile, R. padi is parasitized by A. colemani on the first stages of winter grasses, being able to act as a refuge for parasitoids to ensure the early arrival of A. colemani to peach orchards for the control of M. persicae. It is hypothesized that there is no host preference by A. colemani, regardless the host of origin, and that both aphid species represent equal quality hosts for A. colemani. To test these hypotheses, we evaluated the host preference and performance of A. colemani collected from R. padi in cereals and M. persicae in peaches, through different behaviors and fitness traits as parasitism rate, progeny survival and developmental time. Our results showed preference of females A. colemani to one aphid host (R. padi) regardless of the host of origin. Higher defensive behavior of M. persicae could be an explanation for its less profitability. Despite differences, both aphid species are suitable for development. Further investigation of the interactions among A. colemani and both M. persicae and R. padi, are therefore important for the implementation of this biocontrol method.

Contact: Jeniffer ALVAREZ BACA

Ecology of salt-marsh arthropods (with a focus on spiders)

Résumé : Les marais salés intertidaux, zones d’interface entre terre et mer, abritent une biodiversité relativement pauvre en espèces mais hautement spécialisée, notamment en raison des contraintes fortes d’immersion et de salinité qui y règnent. Dans cette présentation, nous ferons la synthèse des travaux que nous menons sur l’écologie des Arthropodes de ces habitats.

Contact : Julien PETILLON